Moldova, known in the past as Bessarabia and Moldavia, has been inhabited for thousands of years, originally by Cimmerians, then Scythians, Ancient Greeks, Dacians, Romans, Goths, Huns, Avars, Bulgars, and Tatars. Chisinau,  the capital of Moldova  was founded in 1436 and in the course of history  it was developing  unevenly, being the subject of  numerously  devastating  raids.  It was a  part of the Moldavian Principality. It fell under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century.

          In 1812, it was came under Russian imperial administration, which made it the capital of the newly annexed gubernia of Bessarabia. At the present, Chisinau is the largest  economic , industrial and cultural center  of Republic of Moldova. Being   a municipality, it  comprises 34 other suburban localities, and is subdivided into five sectors, each comprising a part of the city itself and several suburbs. The five sectors of Chişinău are: Botanica, Buiucani, Centru, Ciocana, and Râşcani.

 

          Chişinău has numerous buildings designed and built in the nineteenth century:  the Orthodox Cathedral Naşterea Domnului (architect Avraam Melnikov ,1836) with a magnificent bell tower, the Triumphal Arch(architect Luca Zauşkevici, 1840)  and other numerous additional buildings and landmarks .

 

 

 

          Chişinău is home to 12 public and 11 private universities, to the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, as well as to a number of institutions offering both high-school education, as well as 1-2 years of college education.

Technical University of Moldova (TUM) is the only higher technical educational institution, accredited by the State in Moldova Republic. It is located in three campuses of the city:

          Central campus with faculties of Energetics & Electrical Engineering and Electronics &  Telecommunications; Rascani campus with faculties of Mechanical Engineering & Transport and Computers, Informatics & Microelectronics, as well as faculties of Technology & Management in Food Industry and Light industry;  Botanica campus which comprises faculties of civil & economic engineering and business.

           Technical University of Moldova (TUM) is the only higher technical educational institution, accredited by the State in Moldova Republic. It is located in three campuses of the city: Central campus with faculties of Energetics & Electrical Engineering and Electronics & Telecommunications; Rascani campus with faculties of Mechanical Engineering & Transport and Computers, Informatics & Microelectronics, as well as faculties of Technology & Management in Food Industry and Light industry; Botanica campus which comprises faculties of civil & economic engineering and business.

                        The central building of Technical University of Moldova

 

          Since its establishment in 1964 until now, it has trained about 78 387 engineers and economists. The University offers courses in 60 specialties and specializations for the 1 cycle, 43 specialties for masters and 45 specialties for doctorate, covering the needs of the national economy in preparing engineers. At TUM, studies are organized under the European System of Transferable Academic Credits (ESTC). The ESTC facilitates mobility of students and young professionals in the European area with recognition of diplomas.

         The TUM students do their internships at companies of the country (private and state), with which the university has contracts based on mutual interest. Every year, hundreds of students from TUM do their internships in other countries, with which TUM maintains Scientific and Didactic links: Romania, Russia, Ukraine, France, Italy, Germany, USA, Canada, England, Czech Republic, Turkey Belgium, Slovakia etc.

Campus at Rascani district with Technical Park

 

          To scientific researchers at TUM is given a special attention, they being an essential component of education. Students actively participate in the research process, which leads to raising their level of professional training. University cooperates with more than 75 universities and scientific centers from different countries

Campus at Botanica district

 

          Here are held international scientific conferences and symposiums in the fields of microelectronics and nanotechnologies, telecommunication and information technologies, biomedical engineering etc.